Rats are one of the most complained of pests in our society, they are well adapted to living in harmony with man in his own environment. Many people often find the presence of rodents unacceptable.
Rats are most often found outdoors and in sewers. They are good burrowers, agile climbers, and excellent swimmers. They spread various diseases such as; Salmonella and Weils disease, which can be fatal to man.
They cause structural damage to premises and sewers by their burrowing, as well as their constant gnawing on wood, cables, pipes and household items. Unlike mice, rats need water every day.
Rats have an excellent sense of smell and hearing although their sight is very poor. They are colour blind and can only make out shapes.
Rats will eat all types of food, consuming 30-50g of food per day.
The life expectancy of rats is around 1 year. A female will typically breed 5 times with an average litter of 7 or 8. Breeding occurs throughout the year but especially in the spring and autumn.